While Los Angeles County as a whole saw a decline in hate crimes in 2012, West Los Angeles County saw a dramatic increase in hate crime incidents compared to the previous year, the county Commission on Human Relations announced Wednesday.
Reported hate crimes in West Los Angeles County – which encompasses areas such as Marina del Rey, Playa del Rey, Westchester, Culver City, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Venice and
Malibu – rose from an average of 3.8 crimes per 100,000 people in 2011
to 6.2 crimes per 100,000 people in 2012. Those numbers represent a jump
from 25 hate crimes in 2011 to 41 in 2012.
Los Angeles County as a whole though saw hate crimes decline
by 6 percent in 2012 from the previous year, marking the second lowest total in
23 years, the report stated.
According to the annual report -- which defines a hate crime as one where hatred or prejudice toward a victim's race or ethnicity, religion, disability, gender or sexual orientation was a substantial factor -- there were 462 reported hate crimes countywide last year, a decrease of 27 from 2011.
"We are encouraged that for several years in a row the number of hate crimes in L.A. County has been about half of those reported in the late '90s and early 2000s," said commission Executive Director Robin Toma.
About 50 percent of the 2012 crimes documented in the report were race- based, with 66 percent of those targeting blacks.
The report showed that 68 percent of racially motivated crimes against blacks were committed by Latinos, and 58 percent of racially motivated crimes targeting Latinos were committed by blacks.
Crimes based on sexual orientation increased from the previous year to 28 percent of all the hate crimes -- and were more likely to be violent than either racial- or religious-related hated crimes.
Religious crimes, which were primarily anti-Semitic in nature, declined slightly from last year, constituting 19 percent of the total.
"It remains troubling that year after year, the overwhelming majority of hate crimes motivated by religion in Los Angeles County, statewide and across the country, is against Jews and Jewish institutions." said Amanda Susskind, regional director of the Anti-Defamation League, a civil rights group with a focus on documenting and fighting anti-Semitism.
"We remain concerned that African-Americans continue to be the most frequently targeted victims of hate crimes with nearly one-third of all reported hate crimes and two-thirds of racially motivated crimes," Susskind said. "And, not only did crimes against the LGBT -- lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender -- community increase, they also became even more likely to be of a violent nature compared to last year and still vastly more likely to be violent than either racial or religious crimes."
The highest rate of hate crimes took place in the metro region stretching from West Hollywood to Boyle Heights. When accounting for population, the Antelope Valley tied with the metro area for the highest numbers.
In the Antelope Valley, where federal officials recently found that sheriff's deputies had discriminated against black residents, "some of the white supremacist organizations have long been active," Toma said.
The commission's report was generated from data collected from sheriff and city police departments, school districts and community groups.
However, officials are "almost incapable" of monitoring hate crimes
taking place in cyberspace, Susskind noted.
The full report can be viewed on the Los Angeles County Human Relations Commission website.